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expert on rock art. He wrote this long article on cup marks.
So I sent him photographs of a site that's in Holliston,
Massachusetts, of what look like cup marks underneath
one of the boulders.
Ah, yes. I think I know what you mean.
I had a problem with thinking of them as cup marks,
because I don't think the boulder has been moved at all.
And yet this material, these cup marks, seems to be under-
neath such a small portion that you're not going to be able
to make a cup mark underneath there. He thought that this
was all natural, formed when this boulder was embedded
in ice, and probably moved around a bit and ground. And
all of these so-called cup marks were formed at that time.
That's a more logical explanation for this than somebody
trying to make cup marks.
I found stone circles at the site in Holliston (Figure 10), one
of which forms a perfect alignment with two quartz pieces
embedded in the soil, which then aligns up with one of the
big boulders, one of the four or five in a row. This is the
only alignment that I really believe, because I can see it.
How big a circle are we talking here?
I'd say it's about six feet, five and a half feet, six feet.
Is it filled in all the way around?
I'd call it a petroform. Stones are resting on the ledge itself,
but placed in more or less a circle. There are four boulders
in a row, and they're all connected by short sections of
stone, like a wall. One of the boulders has split. They're
good, big boulders. There's a semicircle of stones that has
been constructed around, outside the boulders, connecting
the two, which is exactly what I found in Pomfret, Vermont.
On this hill, which overlooks the Suicide 6 ski site in Pomfret,
there's a split boulder with a semicircle of stones around it.
The stones touch one another. The stone that's next to one
of the split halves is quartz. The other stones there are of
gneiss. I've looked at it and thought "that construction is
actually telling me something." It's telling me that there's
energy being transmitted from one stone to the other.
Quartz has been used by Indian shamans forever and it was
considered like frozen light. It was called the sun's semen.
It was the color of the moon. It had this important quality
to it. Plus, if you rub two smooth pieces of quartz together
that you may find on the beach, you come up with, not a
light from striking it, but something called tribolumines-
cence. It's a glow, a white glow that comes from stressing
two pieces of quartz together, not hitting them so you get
a spark.
That's a quality that the Indians knew about. They would
keep pieces of quartz in a little bag they would carry
around them to give them power, force, from it. So quartz
had a lot of flow to power.
At the Smith site in Vermont there's a feature, which some
people call the boat. Well, I say it's not a boat, there's no
water around here. I call it a crescent, like a crescent moon.
At the top center of this feature--it was 30-something feet
long and about three feet high--are these two stacks of
quartz, slabs of quartz, one on top of the other (Figure 11).
They come from a seam of quartz about a hundred and fifty
feet away from this. Slabs of this material have been found
at two or three other sites on the Smith site. It was delib-
erately incorporated in some of the other cairns at the site,
because it had this incredible quality.
Figure 10. Stones encircle this boulder grouping in Holliston,
Massachusetts. Photo by Norman Muller, 2006.
Figure 11. Quartz slabs on a crescent-shaped feature in Rochester,
Vermont. Photo by Norman Muller, 2010.
Figure 12. Rare example of a wall built over a stream on West Hill
in Rochester, Vermont. Photo by Norman Muller, 2007.